Nigeria: World Bank Tasks Nigeria On Causes of High Premature Death Among Citizens

Nigeria has been rated among countries with poor premature death indexes by a latest global health report with more people dying from preventable diseases like malaria than it was 20 years ago.
Statistics from the World Bank in her latest report released on Wednesday revealed that Malaria, HIV/AIDS and Lower Respiratory Infections (LRIs) are now the strongest contributors to the cause of Years of Life Lost (YLLs) due to premature deaths in the country.
The research and scorecard titled The Global Burden of Disease: Generating Evidence, Guiding Policy - Sub-Saharan Africa Regional Edition, published by the World Bank and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) indicated that although diarrheal diseases witnessed the largest decrease, falling by 52 per cent from 1990 to 2010, Nigeria must yet watch out for childhood underweight, household air pollution from solid fuels and alcohol use as they are now the leading risk factor in the country. Nigeria must also particularly watch out for childhood underweight in children under 5 and alcohol use in adults aged 15-49 years, the report further disclosed.
Data availed PREMIUM TIMES by the World Bank reveal there have been no considerable improvement in years of life lost due to malaria. The preventable but deadly disease had a 70 per cent increase change in 2010 when compared with 1990. Tabular representations indicated that no fewer than 14,276 (15.7%) premature mortality- younger deaths, were recorded in 1990. This increased by 70 per cent to 24, 149 (23.2%) in 2010. The scorecard reflected malaria as being responsible for most years of life lost (premature/younger death) in 1990 and remained same 20years down the line.
Unlike malaria, there has been an unprecedented increase in premature deaths as a result of HIV/AIDS in the country. While it was the 27th cause of younger deaths, it took the 2nd negative lead three years ago in Nigeria with a 2,807 percent change when compared with its prevalence 20years ago.
Like malaria, lower respiratory infections maintained 3rd position the way it did in 1990 even with a -19per cent change.
However, unlike Nigeria, several countries have recorded striking progress. For instance, Burundi has decreased LRIs by 44 per cent, and Benin reducing measles by 84%.


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